There is a strong “mismatch” of skills between supply and demand, and this does not help either the labor market or the return on investment in the industrial revolution 4.0.
The new approaches dictated by digital transformation initiatives, like Industry 4.0 and so on, are radically changing the ways of working, the human-machine-technology relationship, and the attitudes and skills required. When any geographical or national barrier is broken, competitiveness is encouraged for those capable of delivering value properly.
As any industrial transformation that took place in the past, the current one, the fourth, (after the steam engine, electricity, and information technology), seems perhaps to be the most underestimated or to have the least impact on life and work behaviors. Instead, it is known that the changes taking place over the past three to four years have actually had more impact than those that occurred in the last hundred years. It is estimated that about 65% of children who attend primary school today will have a job that does not exist today.